The Churches of Artsakh
Erits Mankants Monastery (the Monastery of the Three Youths) in Martakert region near the village of Tonashen was built I 1691. A center of manuscript production, it also served as a catholicosal seat. A major renovation of the monastery was underway in 2019.
Bovurkhan Monastery was built in the first half of the 17th century by Melik Baghr. The complex contains a church and a number of rooms for the brotherhood and various utilities. It is not far from the village of Nngi in Martuni region.
Churvish stands at the top of a hill in the T‘aghavard village in Martuni region. A simple, single-nave structure, it was built in the 17th-18th century.
Kataro Monastery was founded in the 4th century. According to the historian P‘awstos Buzand, Kataro Vank was attacked in 335 and the large monastic brotherhood was killed. The monastery appears to have been the diocesan seat of the province of Dizak. The present building, located at the top of Dizap‘ayt mountain, dates from the 17th century, and underwent restoration in the 19th. It was restored once again in 2017.
St. Hovhannes, located in Hadrut region’s village of Togh, is a 17th century church built on an older, 13th century structure. In 2017 excavations were done at the site, as restoration of the building began. The restorations were completed in 2019.
Shushi’s Green Church (Kanach Zham), aka St. John the Baptist, was built in 1874 to replace an older, wooden structure. It was named for its formerly green dome. In the soviet era, the church did not function. When it was last under Azeri control, it served as a clinic.
According to one story, All-Savior (Amenap‘rkich) Ghazanch‘ets‘ots Cathedral was built between 1868-1887 by Armenians from the Persian town of Ghazanch‘i. It replaced an earlier structure from the 16th century, which may have been built on a 4th century base. The present church also incorporates a bell tower built in 1858. The church was home to the relic of St. Gregory the Illuminator’s son, Grigoris. In 1998, the church was fully renovated. It was partially renovated again after the last Artsakh war, but was damaged again in 2020 by Azeri shelling.
The Holy Translators Church of Kaghartsi (Marduni) was built in the 13th century and restored in the 19th.
The Holy Mother of God Church in Martuni region’s Khnushinak village was built in the 19th century.
Kusanats Convent, Shushi, was built in 1816 with funds raised by Bahduryan and her brothers. It was destroyed during the 1960-1970’s occupation of Shushi by Azerbaijan.
All-Savior (Anemap‘rkich‘) Church in T‘alish, Mardakert, was built in 1894 by Makar Barkhudaryan. It is a triple-nave basilica with an entrance on the north side.
According to its construction inscription, Soorp Hovhannes church at the edge of the village of T‘aghut, Hadrut, was built in 1896. It is a single-nave basilica with a single door and window, both on the south side.
The large Holy Mother of God church was built in 1902-1907 on a hill in the center of the village, commissioned by Makich Grigoryan, an Armenian living in Baku. In 1992 Azeri forces destroyed it, but the arches and outer walls still remain.
Anapat Church (St. Vartan) near the cemetery of Togh village in Hadrut was built in the 17th century.
Mknatami Khach is a 12th-13th century church on a rock outcropping near the village of Ghushchi in K‘ashat‘agh (Lachin).
Tsera Nahatak is a 9th century monastery church near Patara, Askeran.
Located on a mountain to the south of Chartar village, Martuni, Ghsha Monastery (Eghisha Kuysi anapat) is a late medieval basilica with two pillars. It was a pilgrimage site in the 12th century, and was restored in the mid-17th.